President Idriss Déby died April 20, 2021, the day after his fifth re-election. While Chad has experienced a deep economic recession since the 2016 presidential election and the 2014 drop in oil prices, the death of the former president plunges the country into a period of uncertainty.
Chad has been affected by various humanitarian crises since 2003. These crises are related to major population movements in border areas, including refugees from Sudan in the east, refugees and returnees from the Central African Republic in the south, and more recently Nigerian refugees and internally displaced people in the Lac Province in the west of the country. In 2020, the government conducted Operation Bohoma Anger in an attempt to eradicate destabilizing armed groups in the Lac region. Attacks, kidnappings, murders, robberies, and fires have continued regardless and the security situation is increasingly unstable.
Number of HI staff members: 112
Date programme opened: 2014