The country hosts people displaced by cross-border movements due to drought, conflict, political upheaval and civil wars in neighbouring countries (Eritrea, Somalia, Sudan and South Sudan). There are also large numbers of internally displaced persons, initially forced to move due to drought. This number has constantly increased due to the ongoing conflicts in neighbouring countries and the food crisis which has affected the region since 2011. According to the United Nations, the country will continue to take in large numbers of asylum seekers from neighbouring countries due to its geographic location and the weather events and geopolitical events in the region.
Ethiopia is experiencing a significant economic boom. However, the health situation remains fragile and health services are limited, notably those dedicated to people with disabilities. Ethiopia is also one of the Sub-Saharan African countries the worst affected by the Humanity & InclusionV/AIDS epidemic.