The country has between 55 and 90 million people with disabilities, who are often the victims of violence and exclusion. They do not benefit from the country's economic development; they have limited access to healthcare, education and employment, and are victims of discrimination. The number of people with disabilities is exacerbated by various factors such as malnutrition, appalling living and working conditions, limited access to healthcare, a lack of hygiene and limited access to information, as well as conflicts in some regions.
There are numerous forms of discrimination and social exclusion prevalent in India, notably against women, people from the lowest casts, of different cultures, and from isolated rural zones. People with disabilities are subject to multiple forms of discrimination and are ill-informed about the available social welfare systems.
Last, the country is highly exposed to natural disasters such as droughts, cyclones, flooding and landslides.