Its economic growth has been strongly supported by the international community and private-sector investment, in a favourable political context. At the end of 2004, the country's political landscape was reconfigured with the departure of President Chissano, who had been in power since 1986. This cannot really be considered an upheaval due to the victory of the Mozambique Liberation Front (FRELIMO) which had held power in the country since its independence in 1975.
The government is doing everything in its power to reduce its dependency on international aid. However, the biggest obstacle to achieving stable growth remains the rampant spread of Humanity & InclusionV/AIDS, the worrying public health situation, and the very low level of education.
Until recently, Mozambique was one of the most heavily mined countries in the world. Yet mines and explosive remnants of war pose a direct threat to populations. They also hinder agriculture and the construction of infrastructure (roads, electricity lines, railway lines etc.), and limit the free movement of goods and people. The development of tourism and foreign investment are also impacted. By signing up to the Ottawa Treaty in 1998, the government committed to demining the country before 2014. This challenge was met in 2015, in particular thanks to Humanity & Inclusion's work to support mine victims and the organisation's demining operations.