Uganda currently faces one of the fastest-growing refugee crisis in the world. The continuous fighting in South Sudan and the Democratic Republic of Congo, in parallel with deteriorating conditions caused by several seasons of drought in the region, has resulted in a massive increase in primarily South Sudanese and Congolese refugees arriving to Uganda since mid-2016. As of December 2017, there were a total of 1,395,146 refugees and asylum seekers in Uganda from 13 countries, Of those, 85% are women and 61% children. UNHCR estimates that Uganda is likely to host 1.8 million refugees by the end of 2018.
The country has adopted a generous asylum policy, with refugees offered freedom of movement, along with the right to work, own assets, and access education/health services. However, it is a challenge to ensure that vulnerable refugees have fair and equal access to humanitarian aid and essential services.